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  • FXS Awareness: What is Fragile X Syndrome?
    Added by My Identity Doctor
    Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is a genetic condition that affects twice as many boys as it does girls—a dominant gene carried on the X chromosome,

    males are more likely to be affected as they only have one X chromosome, whereas females have 2; only one affected X gene must be present, but this could be why    FXS is often milder in girls—only one third of females with FXS have intellectual disability compared to “most males”. [1] There are also other conditions associated with the Fragile X gene that manifest differently from Fragile X Syndrome. [2] These include Fragile X-associated Tremor Ataxia Syndrome and Fragile X-associated primary ovarian insufficiency. [2]

    What are the signs of Fragile-X Syndrome?
    Most often the core symptoms of FXS are cognitive impairment, intellectual and/or learning disabilities, which are usually mild-to-moderate. [1] Anxiety, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are common in children with FXS, as is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. [1] Speech delays or abnormalities are common. [2.1] About a third of those with FXS will have autism spectrum disorders, and 15% of males and 5% of females will experience seizure disorders. [1]
    Fragile-X Syndrome also has some physical characteristics, which, according to the National Institutes of Health, “become more apparent with age.” A long/narrow face, prominent jaw and forehead, larger than usual ears, flat feet, and unusual flexibility in the fingers are all common physical features of someone with FXS. [1] In males, enlarged testicles are common after puberty. [1]
    If a person has otherwise unexplained autism or intellectual disability, they should be screened for Fragile X Syndrome. This is done by a simple blood test. Regional differences may exist but in Canada this does not need to be ordered by a specialist, and takes a few weeks for the result to come back. [2.2]
    Fragile X Syndrome Medical ID
    Because of the variability in functioning in those with Fragile X Syndrome medical ID may be important to keep those with FXS safe. If a person with FXS is nonverbal, has autism, or experiences anxiety in unfamiliar situations, medical ID jewelry can help ensure safety in all circumstances and communicate the individual’s needs effectively.
    As children and adults alike with FXS may require long-term care and be unable to live independently, parents or other caregivers of children with Fragile-X Syndrome should wear caregiver medical ID jewelry to ensure the individual they care for is not without care should an emergency involving the caregiver occur.
    As the challenges of each individual with FXS are unique, our custom engraving for your FXS bracelet or Fragile-X Syndrome necklace can help communicate their individual needs.
    Published by My Identity Doctor on July 9, 2019


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