June is National Hernia Awareness Month, which means it’s a good time to learn about this injury that has caused millions of people a lot of pain and suffering.
A hernia occurs when parts of an organ slips through a tear or weak spot in the wall of the organ. Usually, this happens in the intestines or abdominal organs, but it can occur with any organ. High risk individuals include people prone to heavy lifting or performing activities that require straining.
Common Types of Hernias
There are different types of hernias and each one causes its own kind of pain and discomfort. Here are several common types of hernias:
Femoral Hernia – A femoral hernia is when a part of the intestine breaks through the wall of the femoral canal near the groin.
Umbilical Hernia – An umbilical hernia happens when a baby experiences fat, fluid, or intestinal tissue pushing through a weak spot or a hole in the stomach muscles.
Inguinal Hernia – When a part of the bowel bulges through the opening (called inguinal canal in the muscles of the abdominal wall it is called an ‘inguinal hernia.’
Hiatal Hernia – This type of hernia occurs when the stomach moves through the hiatus into the chest cavity or lower part of the esophagus.
Epigastric Hernia – When fat protrudes through a part of the belly wall it is called an ‘epigastric hernia.’
Incisional Hernia – Incisional hernias are caused by surgery, sometimes even years after the surgery. People who are overweight, older, have used steroids, experience lung problems after surgery, have had wound infections after surgery or who have had the same surgery multiple times are at risk of this type of hernia.
How to Treat a Hernia
Not all hernias require treatment. If it is not too severe, your doctor may simply monitor your condition for a period of time. However, surgery is often necessary.
Laparoscopic surgery utilizes a tiny camera and miniature surgical instruments. The surgeon makes small incisions to the herniated area in order to replace the tissue that is displaced and causing pain.
So if you think you may have a hernia, take the time to get it checked out. If you do have a hernia, your medical professional will let you know the best treatment options for you to consider. And if you require surgery you can get it taken care of.